“Ships and boats are two of the oldest types of transportation and were first built thousands of years ago. Not just have ships and boats been utilized for transportation since the beginning, they have been operated for various different reasons including fishing, defence, sports, leisure, and unwinding. Today, ships, boats, and yachts are fabricated using advanced innovation and technology, contrasting enormously from those that have been applied throughout history” (HMY Yachts).
In the beginning of 14th century Dutch started using small, fast boats called ‘jaghts’ in Norwegian for chasing pirates and smugglers (American Sailing Association). Nevertheless, in 1661, the Dutch presented Charles II of England a yacht called the Mary. According to Sir Anthony Deane, until Mary, English never heard such item called a ‘yacht’ before (The Lotus Magazine). Therefore, with the reign of Charles II, that the yacht became not merely the vessel for chasing pirates or defencebut of pleasure and it became choice of transport for royalty or other individuals of distinguished rank.
After the arrival of Mary, Charles II took great pleasure in sailing with her and even studied navigation and naval architecture in which encouraged him to build approximately 20 yachts during his lifetime (The Lotus Magazine).
After Mary was lost in I675, Christopher Pett took her model and built the Anne. ‘Her tonnage, beam, and length of keel being the same as those of the Mary, but she drew three feet less water’ (The Lotus Magazine). Furthermore, during the same year, Charles II was once again presented by the Dutch with another yacht of only thirty-five tons called, Bezan. Therefore, with the arrival of Mary, building different sized yachts in England have become the new interest of the affluent.
However, it was not until 18th century that the yacht as a special type of vessel was produced. In the mid 18th century, wealthy nobleman started using their yachts for sport. Around the same time, across America, New York Yacht Club was established when ‘John Cox Stevens invited eight friends to his yacht Gimcrack. They formed a syndicate to build a yacht with the intention of taking her to England and making some money competing in yachting regattas and organizeraces’ (American Sailing Association).
In 1893, Rudolf Diesel introduced Diesel engine, yet even after that, steam remained the first choice for marine propulsion (Boat International). At that time, people were used to work with steam engines as it was cheap and worked well with anything that would burn in a boiler. It was not until 1910s that ships started to be converted to diesel power and started to use oil as opposed to steam (HMY Yachts). However, it is not exactly clear when the yachts for personal use have switched to diesel engine in history.
However, the development of diesel as a viable ship fuel at the start of the 20th century was a very noteworthy event in the maritime industry (Marine Insight) which joined with the innovative developments in technology, yachts as we know today have emerged.